St. Valentine’s Day is the world’s “holiday of love.” Since the Bible states that
God is love (I John 4:8, 16), does He approve of the celebration of this day? Does
He want His people—true Christians—partaking of the candy and cards, or any customs associated with this day?

When God says He wants
you to live life abundantly
(John 10:10), does that in￾clude celebrating a festive, seem￾ingly harmless holiday like Valen￾tine’s Day? The God who gives us
everything—life, food, drink, the
ability to think for ourselves, etc.—
surely approves of St. Valentine’s
Day, the holiday for lovers to ex￾change gifts—right?
Do not be so certain. Do not
assume anything. Do not even take
this article’s word for it. Go to history
books and encyclopedias. Go to the
Bible. Then
you will
k n o w
t h e
r e a l
truth behind St. Valentine’s Day. And
you will know what God expects you
to do about it!
Valentine’s Past
Like Christmas, Easter, Halloween, New
Year’s and other holidays of this world,
St. Valentine’s Day is another attempt
to “whitewash” perverted customs and
observances of pagan gods and idols by
“Christianizing” them.
As innocent and harmless as St.
Valentine’s Day may appear, its tradi￾tions and customs originate from two
of the most sexually perverted pagan
festivals of ancient history: Lupercalia
and the feast day of Juno Februata.
Celebrated on February 15, Lupercalia
(known as the “festival of sexual license”)
was held by the ancient Romans in honor
of Lupercus, god of fertility and hus￾bandry, protector of herds and crops, and
a mighty hunter—especially of wolves.
The Romans believed that Lupercus
would protect Rome from rov￾ing bands of wolves,
which devoured
and peo￾ple.
Assisted by Vestal Virgins, the
Luperci (male priests) conducted puri￾fication rites by sacrificing goats and
a dog in the Lupercal cave on Palatine
Hill, where the Romans believed the
twins Romulus and Remus had been
sheltered and nursed by a she-wolf
before they eventually founded Rome.
Clothed in loincloths made from sacri￾ficed goats and smeared in their blood,
the Luperci would run about Rome,
striking women with februa, thongs
made from skins of the sacrificed goats.
The Luperci believed that the floggings
purified women and guaranteed their
fertility and ease of childbirth. February
derives from februa or “means of puri￾fication.”
To the Romans, February was also
sacred to Juno Februata, the goddess of
febris (“fever”) of love, and of women
and marriage. On February 14, billets
(small pieces of paper, each of which
had the name of a teen-aged girl writ￾ten on it) were put into a container.
Teen-aged boys would then choose one
billet at random. The boy and the girl
whose name was drawn would become
a “couple,” joining in erotic games at
feasts and parties celebrated throughout
Rome. After the festival, they would
remain sexual partners for the rest of the
year. This custom was observed in the
Roman Empire for centuries.
Whitewashing Perversion
In A.D. 494, Pope Gelasius renamed the
festival of Juno Februata as the “Feast of
the Purification of the Virgin Mary.” The
date of its observance was later changed
from February 14 to February 2, then

changed back to the 14. It is also known
as Candlemas, the Presentation of the
Lord, the Purification of the Blessed
Virgin and the Feast of the Presentation
of Christ in the Temple.
After Constantine had made the
Roman church’s brand of Christianity
the official religion of the Roman Empire
(A.D. 325), church leaders wanted to do
away with the pagan festivals of the
people. Lupercalia was high on their
list. But the Roman citizens thought
It was not until A.D. 496 that the
church at Rome was able to do anything
about Lupercalia. Powerless to get rid
of it, Pope Gelasius instead changed it
from February 15 to the 14th and called
it St. Valentine’s Day. It was named after
one of that church’s saints, who, in A.D.
270, was executed by the emperor for
his beliefs.
According to the Catholic
Encyclopedia, “At least three different
Saint Valentines, all of them martyrs,
are mentioned in early martyrologies
under the date of 14 February. One is
described as a priest at Rome, another as
bishop of Interamna (modern Terni), and
these two seem both to have suffered in
the second half of the third century and
to have been buried on the Flaminian
Way, but at different distances from
the city…Of the third Saint Valentine,
who suffered in Africa with a number of
companions, nothing is further known.”
Several biographies of different men
named Valentine were merged into one
“official” St. Valentine.
The church whitewashed Lupercalia
even further. Instead of putting the
names of girls into a box, the names of
“saints” were drawn by both boys and
girls. It was then each person’s duty
to emulate the life of the saint whose
name he or she had drawn. This was
Rome’s vain attempt to “whitewash” a
pagan observance by “Christianizing” it,
which God has not given man the power
or authority to do. Though the church
at Rome had banned the sexual lottery,
young men still practiced a much toned￾down version, sending women whom
they desired handwritten romantic mes￾sages containing St. Valentine’s name.
Over the centuries, St. Valentine’s
Day cards became popular, especially
by the late eighteenth and early nine￾teenth centuries. These cards were paint￾ed with pictures of Cupid and hearts,
and meticulously decorated with lace,
silk or flowers.
First Man Called Valentine
But who was the original Valentine?
What does the name Valentine mean?
Valentine comes from the Latin
Valentinus, which derives from valens—
“to be strong, powerful, mighty.” The
Bible describes a man with a simi￾lar title: “And Cush begat Nimrod: he
began to be a mighty one in the earth. He
was a mighty hunter before the Lord:
wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the
mighty hunter before the Lord” (Gen.
10:8-9). He was said to have hunted
with bow and arrow.
As mentioned, the Romans celebrat￾ed Lupercalia to honor the hunter god
Lupercus. To the Greeks, from whom
the Romans had copied most of their
mythology, Lupercus was known as
Pan, the god of light. The Phoenicians
worshipped the same deity as Baal,
the sun god. Baal was one of many
names or titles for Nimrod, a mighty
hunter, especially of wolves. He was
also the founder and first lord of Babel
(Gen. 10:10-12). Defying God, Nimrod
was the originator of the Babylonian
Mystery Religion, whose mythologies
have been copied by the Egyptians, the
Greeks, the Romans and a multitude of
other ancient peoples. Under different
names or titles—Pan, Lupercus, Saturn,
Osiris—Nimrod is the strong man and
hunter-warrior god of the ancients.
But what does the heart symbol have
to do with a day honoring Nimrod/
The title Baal means “lord” or “mas￾ter,” and is mentioned throughout the
Bible as the god of pagans. God warned
His people not to worship or even tol￾erate the ways of Baal (Nimrod). In
ancient Chaldean (the language of the
Babylonians), bal, which is similar to
Baal, meant, “heart.” This is where the
Valentine heart symbol originated.
Now notice the name Cupid. It
comes from the Latin verb cupere,
meaning “to desire.” Cupid was the son
of Venus, Roman goddess of beauty and
love. Also known as Eros in ancient
Greece, he was the son of Aphrodite.
According to myth, he was responsible
for impregnating numerous goddesses
and mortals. Cupid was a child-like
archer (remember, Nimrod was a skilled
archer). Mythology describes Cupid as
having both a cruel and happy personal￾ity. He would use his invisible arrows,
tipped with gold, to strike unsuspecting
men and women, causing them to fall
madly in love. He did not do this for
their benefit, but to drive them crazy
with intense passion, to make their lives
miserable, and to laugh at the results.
Many of the gods of the Egyptians,
Greeks, Romans, Assyrians and others
were modeled after one man—Nimrod.
But what does this have to do with
us today? Why should we be concerned
with what happened in the past?
What God Thinks
Read what God commands His people
concerning pagan customs and tradi￾tions: “Learn not the way of the hea￾then…For the customs of the people are
vain” (Jer. 10:2-3). Also notice Christ’s
words in Matthew 15:9: “…in vain they
do worship Me, teaching for doctrines
the commandments of men.”
Throughout the Bible, God describes
“heathens” as those who worship things
that He had created (animals, the sun,
the moon, stars, trees, etc.), or man￾made idols, or anything but the one
true God. He calls such people and
their practices pagan. True Christians
understand that God hates any customs,
practices and traditions that are rooted
in paganism.
But just how serious is God about
When He rescued the twelve tribes
of Israel from brutal slavery and led
them out of Egypt, He commanded
them, “After the doings of the land of
Egypt, wherein you dwelt, shall you not
do: and after the doings of the land of
Canaan, where I bring you, shall you not
do: neither shall you walk in their ordi￾nances” (Lev. 18:3). God demanded the
Israelites not to defile themselves with
the pagan practices and customs of sur￾rounding nations (vs. 24-29). “Therefore
shall you keep Mine ordinance, that you
commit not any one of these abominable
customs, which were committed before
you, and that you defile not yourselves
therein: I am the Lord your God” (vs.30)

God cursed Egypt—a nation of
nature-worshippers—with ten plagues
and freed Israel from slavery. He res￾cued Israel from Pharaoh’s army by
parting the Red Sea and leading His
people to safety. He fed the Israelites
manna—special bread made by God—
from heaven. He protected them from
battle-tested Gentile armies, delivered
them into the Promised Land and drove
out their enemies.
How did Israel treat God in return?
“Our fathers understood not Your won￾ders in Egypt; they remembered not
the multitude of Your mercies; but pro￾voked Him at the sea, even at the Red
Sea…They soon forgot His works; they
waited not for His counsel: But lust￾ed exceedingly in the wilderness, and
tempted God in the desert…They made
a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the
molten image. Thus they changed their
glory into the similitude of an ox that
eats grass. They forgot God their Savior,
which had done great things in Egypt;
wondrous works in the land of Ham,
and terrible things by the Red Sea…they
despised the pleasant land, they believed
not His word: But murmured in their
tents, and hearkened not unto the voice
of the Lord …They joined themselves
also unto Baal-peor, and ate the sacri￾fices of the dead. Thus they provoked
Him to anger with their intentions” (Psa.
106:7, 13-14, 19-22, 24-25, 28-29).
God explicitly commanded Israel to
cast out and utterly destroy all nations
that occupied the Promised Land
(Canaan). Above all, His people were
not to make political alliances with them
or marry into their families (Deut. 7:1-3,
5, 16). “For they will turn away your
sons from following Me, that they may
serve other gods” (vs. 4).
But the Israelites thought they knew
better than God. They decided to do
things their own way. “They did not
destroy the nations, concerning whom
the Lord commanded them: But were
mingled among the heathen, and learned
their works. And they served their idols:
which were a snare unto them. Yes, they
sacrificed their sons and their daughters
unto devils [demons], and shed innocent
blood, even the blood of their sons and
of their daughters, whom they sacrificed
unto the idols of Canaan: and the land
was polluted with blood. Thus were they
defiled with their own works, and went
a whoring with their own inventions”
(Psa. 106:34-39).
To wake them up and get them back
on track as the model nation He had
originally intended, God gave Israel
over to their enemies. Israel repented
and cried out to God. God rescued them.
With their bellies full and lives protect￾ed, the Israelites went back to pursuing
other gods. God punished Israel again.
Israel repented and cried out to God.
And so went the deliverance-idol￾atry-punishment-repentance cycle (vs.
40-46), until finally, God had no other
choice but to divorce unfaithful Israel
(Jer. 3:6-11).
He used the Assyrians, one of the
most brutal warrior nations in history,
to invade, conquer, enslave and relocate
the entire northern kingdom of Israel (II
Kings 17). Having “disappeared” from
history, the modern-day descendants of
those ten “lost” tribes are unaware of
their true identity even to this day.
Later, God sent the southern kingdom
of Judah (mainly the tribes of Judah,
Benjamin and Levi) into Babylonian
exile (II Kings 24 and 25). Because
they kept (at least physically) the true
Sabbath, which is a special sign that
identifies the one true God and His
people (Ex. 31:12-18), the Jews were
able to retain their true identity.
The Israelites were severely pun￾ished because they lusted after pagan
customs, rituals, traditions and prac￾tices. As you can see, God does not take
paganism lightly.
Why Paganism Is Wrong
Just why does God hate anything that
resembles pagan customs? Is it possible
to “whitewash” or “Christianize” pagan
practices and make them clean? Is it
okay to practice pagan customs as long
as you “worship God”?
Notice what God says in Leviticus
chapter 18. After rescuing Israel from
slavery, God warned them not to prac￾tice the customs they had picked up in
Egypt, or learn the ways, customs and
traditions of the Gentile nations that
they would encounter in the Promised
Land (vs. 1-3). Instead, God command￾ed Israel to follow His ways (vs. 4-5).
God then describes the pagan ways
of these ungodly nations in great detail.
In verses 7-20, He condemns all kinds
of heterosexual sex relations that fall
outside the holy boundaries of mar￾riage—incest, fornication, adultery, etc.
In verses 22-23, God condemns homo￾sexuality and bestiality. Together, these
sins break down and destroy the family
unit that God had so lovingly created
and instituted.
Notice what God links to these per￾versions: “And you shall not let any of
your seed [children] pass through the
fire to Molech, neither shall you pro￾fane the name of your God: I am the
Lord” (vs. 21). God ties in the perverse
sexual practices of ungodly, pagan
nations with human sacrifices—parents
offering the lives of their children to
pagan gods!
The Bible shows that Israel not only
disobeyed God and wholeheartedly
embraced the sexual immorality of the
Gentiles, they even went a step further.
“And they have turned unto Me the
back, and not the face: though I taught
them, rising up early and teaching
them, yet they have not hearkened to
receive instruction. But they set their
abominations in the house [the temple
at Jerusalem], which is called by My
name, to defile it. And they built the
high places of Baal, which are in the
valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause
their sons and their daughters to pass
through the fire unto Molech; which
I commanded them not, neither came
it into My mind, that they should do
this abomination, to cause Judah to
sin” (Jer. 32:33-35). (To learn more
about these child sacrifices to Molech,
read our booklets The True Origin
of Christmas and The True Origin of
Imagine. Israel committed a sin so
vile, so disgusting, that it even shocked
But that was then. What about today?
Surely, parents do not sacrifice their
children to pagan gods today—or do
Do not be so certain. Perhaps their
lives are not being sacrificed—but what
about their innocence?
Parents today expect their little ones
to “fall in love” and have boyfriends and
girlfriends. They think it is “cute” when
little boys and girls hold hands and act
like a couple, sneaking a kiss or two

when no one is watching. Some parents
get worried when their kids do not show
romantic interest in the opposite sex.
They constantly ask them, “Do you
have a boyfriend yet?” or “Who’s your
Yet these same parents are surprised
when their teen-aged “little girl” gets
pregnant. Or catches a sexually trans￾mitted disease. Or gets an abortion
behind their back.
St. Valentine’s Day is just one of
many tools the “god of this world” (II
Cor. 4:4) uses to get parents to sacrifice
the innocence of their children.
When little boys and girls draw each
other’s names in a lottery and send
Valentine cards and gifts to each other,
declaring their “love,” they are learning
the first stages of intimate relations that
the Creator God designed specifically
for emotionally mature adults. Instead
of embracing the carefree innocence of
youth, growing up without the headaches
and heartaches of adulthood (finding a
job, paying bills, marriage, raising a fam￾ily, etc.), children today are taught to
lust after each other. They are caught up
in a daily drama of “If-you-loved-me￾you’d-sleep-with-me; I’m-pregnant; It’s￾not-mine, she-had-an-abortion.” By the
time they reach adulthood, virtually every
shred of innocence, sincerity and moral
decency has been stripped from them.
Emotionally drained, they have world￾weary, “been there, done that” attitudes.
And their lives are just beginning.
This is why we live in a world where
a teen-aged virgin is a rare find. Where
what used to be called “shacking up”
and “living in sin” is now simply “living
together.” Where sex is nothing more
than meaningless physical recreation—
no emotional attachments, no cares,
no concerns. Where people change sex
partners as conveniently as they change
clothes. Where unmarried twenty- or
thirty-somethings have had at least five
sexual partners—and that is considered
a low number, especially in the United
States. Where men are not referred to as
“my husband,” or “my fiancé,” but as
“my second baby’s father.”
How pathetic!
Satan has deceived the whole world
(Rev. 12:9) in multiple ways—espe￾cially when it comes to intimate rela￾tionships. St. Valentine’s Day is just
one of his tools for deception. (To learn
more about this great deceiver, read our
booklet Who Is the Devil?)
“Come Out of Her, My People”
Concerning the near future, when man’s
Satan-influenced world is about to col￾lapse, God declares, “Babylon the great
is fallen, is fallen, and is become the
habitation of devils [demons], and the
hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of
every unclean and hateful bird. For all
nations have drunk of the wine of the
wrath of her fornication, and the kings
of the earth have committed fornica￾tion with her, and the merchants of the
earth are waxed [increased] rich through
the abundance of her delicacies” (Rev.
Concerning this pagan, satan￾ic system, God commands true
Christians, “Come out of her, My peo￾ple, that you be not partakers of her sins,
and that you receive not of her plagues”
(vs. 4).
St. Valentine’s Day originates from
the ancient paganism of this Satan￾influenced world. It is designed to
deceive mankind by appealing to flesh￾ly, carnal desires—or, as the Bible calls
them, the works of the flesh. “Now the
works of the flesh are manifest [made
obvious], which are these; Adultery,
fornication, uncleanness, lascivious￾ness, idolatry…drunkenness, revel￾lings, and such like” (Gal. 5:19-21).
Do any of these sound like Lupercalia
to you?
Ultimately, “they which do such
things shall not inherit the kingdom
of God.” A true Christian is focused
on God’s soon-coming kingdom (Matt.
6:33) and the world to come—not on
the fleshly cravings of this world. A true
Christian must strive to “put off the old
man” and actively imitate the perfect,
righteous example of Jesus Christ. A
Christian knows that he must actively
come out of this world, out of its pagan￾infested customs, practices and tradi￾tions.
Christians do not celebrate St.
Valentine’s Day! c
Copyright © 2008 The Restored Church of God
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the USA.

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