Sexually transmitted infections or sexually transmitted disease as its name sounds are infections that are mostly passed through intercourse be it vaginal sex, anal sex or oral sexual contact. Sexually transmitted infections are a group of different types of infections. Many sexually transmitted infections do not display symptoms in females. Because most women don’t display symptoms of STIs, they may not be aware and wouldn’t go for treatment. If these STIs left untreated can lead to fertility problems, ectopic pregnancy, abdominal pain and increase females’ chance of getting cervical cancer. When symptoms are shown, almost all sexually transmitted infections display similar symptoms. In order to differentiate between the particular one a female is suffering from it is advisable to visit the hospital for examination.

Common STIs in females

Examples of the most common sexually transmitted infections that affect females are; Human papillomavirus(the virus that causes cervical cancer),Gonorrhoea, syphilis, Chlamydia,Hepatitis B&A, HIV/AIDS, Trichomonas vaginalis, Genital Herpes.

Some common symptoms

Vaginal itching

Vaginal itching is a common bothersome symptom of sexually transmitted infection experienced by females. STIs create an uncomfortable irritating sensation that creates an urge to scratch the vaginal.  Vaginal itching is not only caused by STIs but rather other types of infections and conditions. It is therefore advisable to consult your doctor quickly when you experience such problems.

Abnormal vaginal Discharge

The vagina produces a normal vaginal discharge and is clear or whitish with no or less accompanied odor and no pain. STIs normally change the nature of this discharge. Seeing yellow or green may be an indication of sexually transmitted infection. When you start experiencing such vaginal discharge, quickly see your healthcare provider for confirmation before you medicate.

Pain during sexual intercourse

Sometimes pain during sex is ignored but consistent pain should be treated as an emergency. This could be a sign of an STI. This pain is usually experienced in the vagina or deeper in the pelvic. It is medically advisable to see your doctor for confirmation.

Pain or discomfort when urinating

STI can be shown by having pain or burning sensation during urination. Sometimes there is also the need to urinate more frequently but smaller quantity will come out. When you see is, it is advisable to visit your healthcare provide to confirm the type of infections before you start treatment.

Vaginal rash

Vaginal rash is a common symptom of vaginal candidiasis. These rashes are uncomfortable but are less dangerous. They are easily usually treatable. This can be worse and severe if the infection is left untreated. It is very important to see a doctor if you experience any vaginal rash.

Redness and swollen of the vulva

Vaginal yeast infection can cause redness and swollen of the vulva. Females with vaginal candidiasis normally experience these symptoms. These symptoms usually go away when the vaginal candidiasis is treated. You can speak to your health care provider if your experience any kind of redness and swollen of the vulva.

This blog pro­vides infor­ma­tion about vaginal health and related sub­jects. The blog content and any linked materials herein are not intended to be, and should not be con­strued as a substitute for, med­ical or healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment. Any reader or per­son with a med­ical con­cern should con­sult a healthcare provider. This blog is provided purely for informational purposes.

The article was written by Godfrey Yeboah Amoah and published at Translation and voice note were done by Mrs. Nancy Boateng

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