Our bodies react to stress by releasing hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones make our brain more alert, cause muscle to tense and increases our pulse. The body produces larger quantities of the chemicals cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. These chemicals trigger the following physical reactions:
🔅Increased blood pressure🔅Heightened muscle preparedness🔅sweating🔅alertness. These factors all improve a person’s ability to respond to a potentially hazardous or challenging situation. Norepinephrine and epinephrine also cause a faster heart rate. Is stress necessarily bad as perceived? Let’s find out.
When we are faced with a challenge or threat, we have a partly physical response. The body activates resources called stressors that help us either stay and confront the challenge or get to safety as fast as possible. Stress is not necessarily bad or negative as perceived. Stress can actually be positive. It is stress that keeps us alert, motivated and ready to avoid danger. For example, It is stress that spurs us to slam on the brakes to avoid car accidents. It’s what causes us to meet deadlines and what keeps us on our toes during presentation at work or in class. Stress is not necessarily bad as perceived. If stress is not necessarily bad and can be positive then what makes stress negative? Let’s find out.
Stress becomes negative when a person faces continuous challenges without relief or relaxation between stressors. As a result the person becomes overworked and stress-related tension builds.
TYPES AND CAUSES OF STRESS.
If you often find yourself feeling exhausted and overburdened, it is time to take action to bring your nervous system back into balance.🔅Routine stress, such as childcare, homework, or financial responsibilities.🔅Sudden, disruptive changes, such as a family bereavement or finding out about a job loss🔅Traumatic stress, which can occur due to extreme trauma as a result of a severe accident, an assault, an environmental disaster, or war. Before looking at the types of stress, let’s quickly look at the three examples of types of stressors identified by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) recognize two types of stress. They are acute stress and chronic stress. Each requires different level of management. You feel acute stress when you slam on the brakes or have a fight with your partner. It helps you manage dangerous situations. It also occurs when you do something new or exciting. All people have acute stress at one time or another. Acute stress is a short-term stress that goes away quickly. It is the most commonest form of stress. It often develops when people consider the pressures of events that have recently occurred or face upcoming challenges in the near future. The second type of stress is Chronic stress. It develops and lasts over a longer period of time. You may have chronic stress if you have money problems, an unhappy marriage, or trouble at work. It occurs when a person can see no way to avoid their stressors and stop seeking solutions. A traumatic experience early in life may also contribute to chronic stress. Acute stress does not cause the same amount of damage as long-term, chronic stress. However, repeated instances of acute stress over an extended period can become chronic and harmful. For example, a person may feel stressed about a recent argument or an upcoming deadline. However, the stress will reduce or disappear once a person resolves the argument or meets the deadline. Chronic stress makes it difficult for the body to return to a normal level of stress hormone activity, which can contribute to problems in the following systems:🔅Cardiovascular🔅Respiratory🔅Sleep🔅Immune🔅Reproductive. Any type of stress that goes on for weeks or months is chronic stress. If you’re not careful, you can become so used to chronic stress that you don’t realize it as a problem. If you don’t find ways to manage stress, it may lead to health problems. Anything that possess a real or perceived challenge or threat to a person’s well-being can cause stress and know that we all react differently to stressful situations. What may be stressful for one person may not be stressful for another.